The age of consent in Canada refers to cultural and legal discussions in Canada about the age of consent, which was raised in May 2008 under the Tackling Violent Crime Act.  This applies to all forms of sexual activity.  The age of consent in Canada is 16. The age of consent is consistent across Canada and does not vary from province to province. 16 is the minimum age at which a person can legally consent to participate in sexual acts. This means that people 15 years of age or younger cannot legally consent to sexual activity. Sexual activity or touching by a person under the age of consent may result in, among other things, a charge of rape. It is illegal for parents and guardians to obtain their child under the age of 18 for illegal sexual activity or for owners, occupiers or managers of premises to allow a person under the age of 18 to remain on such premises to engage in illegal sexual activity. The age of consent is the age at which a young person can legally consent to sexual activity. The age of consent applies to all forms of sexual activity, from kissing and fondling to sexual intercourse. Most countries in the world have some sort of legal age of consent law. In most countries, the age of consent is at least 14 years.
In some U.S. states, it is even higher. Canada`s rules do not change from province to province. In other words, a person must be at least 16 years of age to legally consent to sexual activity. In the past, the Canadian Criminal Code has stated that any anal sexual act is illegal under criminal law unless both are married or both are over the age of 18. In these situations, the law on the age of consent is very clear and stipulates that both persons must be over 18 years of age or married to have sex. However, in 2008, the law was amended so that intercourse between two people was treated in the same way as other types of sexual intercourse. As a result, the limited age exceptions now also apply to anal sex. In some countries, the legal age of consent can be as low as 12 or if the person is going through puberty.
In some jurisdictions around the world, you must be married to have legal sex. One of the motivations for reforming these laws in Canada was the case of Dale Eric Beckham. In March 2005, Beckham, then 31, traveled from his home in Woodlands, Texas, to Ottawa, Ontario, to meet a 14-year-old boy he had met on the Internet. The boy`s parents, after seeing him sneak into a taxi in the middle of the night, alerted police, who followed the taxi to a downtown hotel. Police found Beckham and the boy naked in a hotel room engaged in sexual activity. It was later discovered that the two had also had sex the night before. Police also discovered hundreds of pornographic images of children on a laptop that Beckham had brought back from Texas. Beckham was arrested and held on bail. In Beckham`s home state of Texas, the age of consent is 17 and offenders can face prison sentences of up to 10 to 20 years. In Canada, sexual activity with 14-year-olds was legal (until May 2008) as long as it was consensual and the adult was not in a position of authority or dependence. The boy, who reportedly suffered from social anxiety disorder and showed signs of suicidal thoughts, insisted in interviews with police that sex with Beckham was consensual.
Therefore, the only crime for which Beckham could be prosecuted in Canada was a relatively minor offence of possession of child pornography. In November 2005, Beckham pleaded guilty and was sentenced to what he had already served. He was then deported to the United States.       Child pornography is broad and includes material depicting a person involved in explicit sexual activity who is or appears to be under the age of 18; or showing a teen`s sexual organ or area for sexual purposes. In addition to these criminal laws against child sexual abuse and exploitation, each province and territory has its own child welfare laws to protect children from abuse, exploitation and neglect. It is important for doctors who counsel sexually active adolescents to inquire about their partner`s consent and age. As always, in order to maintain the relationship of trust between physician and patient, physicians are advised to discuss the limits of confidentiality with all their young patients before entering into such conversations. The proposal was also criticized by Andrea Cohen of the Canadian Federation for Sexual Health Pro-Choice (formerly the International Planned Parenthood Federation), who said the organization believed the legislation had done nothing to protect young people.
She spoke on CTV News Channel`s “Mike Duffy Live,” where she explained, “What this will do is violate the rights of young people in terms of their ability to make decisions about their own sexuality.”  In 2007, his organization issued an official statement.  Peter Dudding, Executive Director of the Child Welfare League of Canada, also criticized the effect of the legislation to remove judicial discretion in cases involving 14- and 15-year-olds: “If we deal with arbitrary limits, we lose the flexibility to apply the law in a much more specific and individual way.”  The age of consent to sexual activity is 16. In some cases, the age of consent is higher (e.g., if there is a relationship of trust, authority or dependency). It is illegal to offer or use the sexual services of a minor under the age of 18, to derive material benefit from child prostitution, or to bring a person under the age of 18 into prostitution. No one may use a computer system such as the Internet to communicate with a minor in order to facilitate the commission of a sexual offence or abduction against him. A 14- or 15-year-old can consent to sexual activity as long as the partner is under five years older and there is no relationship of trust, authority, dependence or other exploitation of the adolescent. This means that if the partner is 5 years old or older than the 14- or 15-year-old, any sexual activity is a criminal offence. This offence is sometimes referred to as “Internet lockdown”. This offence is punishable by up to 10 years` imprisonment; No person who is in a position of trust or authority towards a 16- or 17-year-old (e.g. Teacher, religious leader, babysitter or doctor) or on which the adolescent depends may touch any part of the adolescent`s body for sexual purposes or invite the adolescent to touch himself or herself for sexual purposes. Child pornography also includes written and audio material that encourages others to commit a sexual offence against a child or that is primarily a description of illegal sexual activity with a child for a sexual purpose.
Adolescents between the ages of 12 and 13 may consent to non-exploitative sexual activity with their peers if the age difference does not exceed two years. For example, a 12-year-old child is considered capable of consenting to sexual activity with a 14-year-old child, but not with a 15-year-old. If the new legislation is implemented, child welfare agencies` responses to these concerns may vary from province to province. Any doctor who has doubts about whether a situation constitutes abuse or whether it can be reported to child protection authorities should play it safe and contact their local child protection authority to further discuss the matter. LGBT activists have criticized the law for failing to address equality and for maintaining the age of consent for extramarital sex at 18 in Canada. Hillary Cook, a spokeswoman for gay rights group Egale Canada, said the bill was “an attempt to score partisan points.”  In June 2019, Bill C-75 was passed by both Houses of the Canadian Parliament and received Royal Assent repealing section 159 with immediate effect and equalizing the age of consent at 16 for all individuals.  After being informed of his arrest in Canada, Immigration and Customs and Customs (ICE) officers searched Beckham`s home in Woodlands, Texas, where they discovered a huge amount of child pornography on his computer, some showing children under the age of 12 engaging in sexual acts with adults. Upon his return to the United States, Beckham was immediately arrested and held on bail. In July 2007, Beckham pleaded guilty to transporting child pornography to Canada, although his lawyer argued unsuccessfully that Beckham`s conduct was the result of diminished abilities. In November 2007, Beckham was sentenced to 17 years in prison, followed by life imprisonment.    A 16- or 17-year-old cannot consent to sexual activity if: In May 2008, the Canadian government, led by Stephen Harper, passed legislation to raise the age of consent from 14 to 16, while creating an age-related exception for sexual relations between the ages of 14 and 15 and partners under 5 and maintaining an age clause.
existing for sexual relations between 12 and 13 years of age and partners under 2 years of age.  The initiative also maintains a temporary exemption for pre-existing marriages of 14- and 15-year-old children, but prohibits such new marriages in the future.  These are serious offences that carry severe penalties, including mandatory minimum sentences.